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On 9 Aug., 2018, the China Association of Pesticide Development and Application held a standing council, on which, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs (MARA) said that it would try to phase out highly-toxic pesticides in five years, conduct re-evaluation on old ones with the history of over 15 years and keep pushing forward the registration of pesticides for minor crops.
Phase out highly-toxic pesticides
After the implementation of the newly amended Pesticide Management Regulations, the MARA strengthens the guiding role of pesticide registration, improves the registration threshold, encourages innovation and promotes the registration of bio-pesticides and those for minor crops. The proportion of environmentally-friendly pesticides in the newly registered products is growing and the registrations of pesticides for specialty and minor crops like dendrobium candidum, ginseng, winter jujube, wolfberry, litchi and waxberry are increasing.
Ji Ying, General agro-technician from the the Institute for the Control of Agrochemicals, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs (ICAMA), introduced on the meeting that China had phased out 43 pesticides with high toxicity and risk including BHC and DDT while there are 10 valid highly-toxic pesticides for agricultural use in China. The MARA will adopt stricter management measures on those products. Currently, the feasibility argumentation of aldicarb, isocarbophos and phorate has been finished, which are planned to be banned inside China. The phase-out plans for isofenphos-methyl, ethoprophos, omethoate and aluminium phosphide have been initiated. Pesticides like carbofuran, methomyl and chloropicrin are next.
Re-evaluation on old pesticides
At the same time, the MARA lays focus on old pesticides with the registration history of over 15 years by re-evaluating them by category. By rough calculation, there are 478 pesticides with the registration history of over 15 years in China. After primary selection, 10 including glyphosate, carbendazim, alachlor, triazophos and imidacloprid are chosen for re-evaluation.
Registration of pesticides for minor crops
The pesticide registration for minor crops are only a few and limited, and enterprises are not willing to expend on the registration. Seeing these, the MARA organized local agricultural departments, industry associations and pesticide enterprises to be united for experiment, application for approval and shortened registration time to promote the pesticide registration for minor crops. In recent years, China has approved around 1,000 registrations of pesticide products for specialty and minor crops, which alleviated the problem of no pesticides for specialty and minor crops like ginseng, waxberry and panax notoginseng.